Urban archaeology or archaeology in towns? Urban archaeological site where superimposed position of both archaeological and urban sites with the modern settlement as a case is being conceptualized and recently introduced in the Turkish urban planning practice as well as legislation system. Through the last decade growing public awareness in urban identity, obviously has changed the attitude of Turkish citizens towards archaeology, particularly in urban areas.


Yet the threat to archaeological heritage of towns effected by high rate of urbanization has been increasingly felt such that ad hoc nature of archaeological operations, which are not formulated in a well set of research objectives, has become evident.


New visions towards archaeology in towns, however, have been seen in agencies concerned; research programmes and implementation schemes have been put in action to examine and evaluate many exposed and potential archaeological heritage in towns underneath as a component part of modern urban context. Relevant techniques and methods are being employed in those areas by which optimization between the conservation and development is necessarily met. Physical infrastructure services that are the basic needs of a modern living town are usually used without any negative effects on fragile archaeological deposits underneath by the permission of the agencies, and implementation of those projects is fullfilled under the control of the professionals from local museums according to the relevant regulations, by laws.


 Istanbul, An Archaeological Park of the Byzantine Palace